Norrfors village is 50–100 metres above sea level and the area is notable for its hilly terrain. The name Norrfors (“northern rapids”) refers to the large rapids in Ume River. The village on the northern side is called Norrfors and the village on the south side is called Sörfors (“southern rapids”).
Sweden’s northernmost rock carvings can be found by the Ume River and the island of Truthällorna, southeast of the Norrfors fish farm. There are 54 rock carvings depicting boats, moose (27 in total), human figures and cup and ring marks. The moose are depicted in profile, with lines resembling skeletons and organs. A group of archaeology students discovered the rock carvings in 1984.
Since the 17th century, Norrfors has consisted of two areas separated by Idebäcken. The western part of the village is probably the oldest and is situated on flatlands. Meanwhile, the eastern portion is on a hill.