History Path (Fornstigen)
About 2,000 years ago people arrived at Romlet, which was the island of Obbolaön at the time, primarily to fish and seal hunt. They left traces of their presence behind, which are evident now in the form of plots of land and pits in the shingle field. The plots are curved stone embankments around a cleared floor space and comprise the remnants of primitive huts, which were used when seal hunting and fishing from year 1 until the Middle Ages. The plots are located on Stora Romlet and Vitskäret. In about 600 AD, four men were buried in a burial cairn atop an island at the inlet to Västerfjärden. Located near Själafjärden, this island is now known as Rismyrberget.
At this time, Obbola’s first residence was built on a peninsula, Väntberget, whose high cliffs created a perfect bay that offered shelter from the ocean.
Further south on the island, along Storhällskärsvägen road, are the sign-posted remnants of a medieval fishing site.
Fornstigen is 4 kilometres long and presents historic landmarks and sites.
Väntberget is the likely location of Obbola’s first populated area. In the Late Iron Age, Väntberget was a peninsula in the outer archipelago, with a well-sheltered bay. There was probably a burial site across the bay on Stora Ramlet, and in 1965, a grave with two young girls was discovered. The grave also contained what is known as Obbolafyndet, the Obbola Discovery: two round bronze buckles. Fornstigen passes this grave.
The name Väntberget (“Waiting Mountain”) is said to come from the women in the early 20th century, who would wait atop this peak in anticipation of the first signs on the horizon of the men returning on sailboats and fishing boats, between the islands of Bredskär and Klubbarna.
The Old Harbour (Gamla Hamnen)
In the late Middle Ages, the large meadow in the village was an open, shallow bay with a flat, sandy bottom. Around 1000 AD, it was probably a popular harbour for locals. The point on which the village was located was protected from the open waters of Österfjärden and Västerfjärden, and could be reached by sailing inside the skerries. Today, visitors can see one of Obbolaön’s remaining historic farm areas.
Iron Age graves on Rismyrberget
In the Late Iron Age (500–1000 AD), Obbola was part of a larger society. Along the coast, navigation was long-range but followed the shoreline. This ancient route probably stopped along trading sites at the mouth of the Ume River through Västerfjärden and Själafjärden.
At that time, Rismyrberget was an island at the western inlet of the sound. In the 7th century, four people were buried here in burial cairns. During excavations, harnesses were discovered inside the grave; one of the harnesses was gilded with bronze fittings at the ends of the strap. These discoveries are on display at the Västerbotten Museum in Umeå.