Klabböle village

Klabböle village is located a few kilometres west of Umeå, on the right-hand/southern shore of the Ume River. In prehistoric times, the sea reached all the way to the surrounding mountains to the south, with bays pressing into the valleys.

The name of the village was in use from the 16th century and is believed to refer to a cow collar, a new garden or a new building. The village was probably built in conjunction with the colonisation of the coast of Norrland, which took place in the 13th and 14th centuries, when the shores along the major salmon fishing rivers were populated.

The built-up area was placed as closely to the riverbank as possible to facilitate fishing, and below the rapids it was possible to cross the river to the parish church and the villages along the northern shore. There was once a ferry dock in Klabböle.

The built-up area and selions (strips of land) were claimed at the top of the plateau which formed between the riverbank to the north and the ravine to the south. The risk of frost was lower here.

Down by the water and on the slope along the brook, natural pastures and hay fields could be accessed.

Salmon traps were built in the rapids with stone tubs. Boats and fish buildings could be destroyed when the spring flood was especially powerful, which happened between 1721 and 1756.

According to the land register of 1543, 8 farmers lived in Klabböle at this time. The village was home to 10 farmers in the 1750s. A scattered collection of houses sat by the river and a few farms were on the riverbank. Two mills were situated in the current Raningsbäcken in the 18th century.

With the 1876 land reform, the community became increasingly dense and new buildings emerged a few hundred metres west of the old village centre, on the village’s common land.

Laxgård

Laxminor

Laxtina

Land reform led to seven farmers moving away; most of them would settle in a new area just a few kilometres northwest of the old village. This new built-up area was named Överbyn (“upper village”), while the old village centre was called Nerbyn (“lower village”).

Klabböle had smokehouses for smoking river lamprey. They are all four-corner timber buildings with a gable entry and gable roof.

The Hässningberget Nature Reserve is also located near Klabböle.

Destinations & sights

Smokehouse in Klabböle

The area still has some fishing-related buildings. The smokehouses in Klabböle are unique. Klabböle, and to some extent Baggböle, are the only Västerbotten river valley villages that are still home to these types of buildings. The sole purpose of the smokehouses was to smoke lamprey, the official fish of Västerbotten province, where lamprey have long been vitally important. Today, 18 smokehouses remain in Klabböle and they are designed relatively uniformly, with four timbered walls and gable roofs. There are some differences in size and angles. One reason why they all have such similar designs is that this construction produces the proper balance of smoke and heat.

In 2008, seven of the 18 smokehouse were restored with funding from the County Administrative Board.

Read more about catching and preparing lamprey.

Flottningen

Flottningsrännor byggdes vid forsar. En sex km lång flottningsränna byggdes i samband med att kraftverksbygget vid Stornorrfors påbörjades 1959. Rännan gick från Stornorrfors intagskanal till utloppet i Klabböle. Rännan har rivits, men en kortare del finns kvar vid utloppet i Klabböle.

Timmerflottningen i bäckar, åar och älvar var länge det enda sättet att transportera stockar från avverkningsplatserna i inlandet till industrierna vid kusten. Flottningen i Sverige pågick från början av 1800-talet fram till 1980-talet. I Västerbotten upphörde flottningen i Vindelälven 1976 och i Umeälven 1980.

Läs mer om flottningen och dess lämningar.

Klabböle kraftstation

Klabböle kraftverk byggdes av Umeå stad och togs i drift 1899. Det var det första i Umeälven och ersatte ångkraftverket från 1892 inne i Umeå centrum. Umeå tillhörde de första städerna i Sverige som fick elektrisk gatubelysning.

Kraftverket är fortfarande utrustat med originalmaskineriet konstruerat av ASEA 1892.

Driften upphörde då Stornorrfors kraftstation blev klar 1958.

Art

The artwork symbolises log driving in the Ume River, with symbols of the forest, the log drivers’ hats, boathooks and oars. The piece is untitled.

Read more

Konstnär: Ante Dahlstedt, Sävar.

Umeå energicentrum

Umeå Energicentrum är ett populärt utflyktsmål som ligger i Klabböle ca 8 km väster om Umeå centrum.

Anläggningen ägs och drivs av Umeå Energi. Umeå Energicentrum erbjuder dig som besökare under sommartid guidade turer i det gamla kraftverksmuséet anno 1899. Läs mer om Umeå Energicentrum