Gubböle is characterised by undulating hilly terrain and is 100–120 metres above sea level. This rich and varied landscape has low and high hills, valleys and flatlands. The farmland is south of the village road and the community comprises two areas along the old Vännäs road/parish road/village road.
The oldest village area, between Ilbäcken and Gubbölebäcken/Kvarnbäcken, is still agricultural in character, while the newer area became increasingly dense in the 20th century. The word “böle” in Gubböle means residence/settlement. Gubb probably originated from a name, Gudbjörn.
In the 19th century, there were as many as 13 watermills in Kvarnbäcken/Gubbölebäcken. In Pehr Stenberg’s Umebeskrivning (Ume Description), you can read about Gubbölebäcken and the mills. In the 19th century, Dickson & Co had a coarse-blade sawmill in the stream by the river. Today visitors can walk on a path around Kvarnbäck and the surroundings.
In the early 19th century, the village had four farms; by the 1850s, there were seven. There are now 32 properties in Gubböle.
In its inventory from 1982, Västerbotten Museum outlined two areas and certain buildings in Gubböle that are particularly worthy of protection for historic reasons.
Area 1 is bordered to the east by the stream Gubbölebäcken, to the west by the stream Ilbäcken and to the south by the Ume River. It stretches north across the railroad and a little bit north of the E12. The oldest part of the village is in this area. The preservation proposal includes the property Gubböle 1:19, which has a lovely four-building farm layout.
Area 2 encompasses one section around the old village road and one section east of the old village. It is bordered to the south by the railway. New buildings were added throughout the 20th century, creating a varied architectural picture.